Advocacy is an activity by an individual or group that aims to influence decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions. Advocacy can include many activities that a person or organization undertakes including media campaigns, public speaking, commissioning and publishing research or conducting exit poll or the filing of an amicus brief. Lobbying (often by lobby groups) is a form of advocacy where a direct approach is made to legislators on a specific issue or specific piece of legislation. Research[whose?] has started to address how advocacy groups in the United States and Canada are using social media to facilitate civic engagement and collective action.
Hawker, Julie Mounteer
Syllabus Course Calendar Assignment Directives Evaluation Forms Various documentsThis course seeks to cover the basic principles of argumentation as they are put into practice via oral communication. You will learn the basic model of argument, how to construct valid arguments, and how to deliver those oral arguments effectively.
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Public Advocacy is designed for those students desiring a well-developed background in the use, theory, construction and analysis of public messages. The course of study provides training in individual public communication skills such as Advanced Public Speaking, Argumentation and Debate, as well as providing a foundation for the analysis and evaluation of advocacy discourse. Students choosing this track are generally interested in careers in law, politics, religion, or sales.
Department of English
We offer three areas of study—literature and language; creative writing; and rhetoric, writing, and communication—and a diverse array of elective courses so you can pursue what interests you. A degree in English will help you develop advanced skills in writing, interpretation, and critical thinking. These foundational skills are valued by employers of all kinds and vital to a 21st century career.
Argumentation and Advocacy, the flagship publication of the American Forensic Association, invites scholarly submissions concerning any dimension of argumentation studies, contemporary or historical, including but not limited to argumentation theory, public advocacy, interpersonal argument, social influence, culture and argument, public and political argument, legal argument, forensics, and pedagogy. Studies employing any appropriate research methodology are welcome.
Persuasive Definitions and Public Policy Arguments
Very little if any advance has been made on studying persuasive definitions since Stevenson (1938) first began the systematic study of them as tools of persuasion. Precise determination of when their use is legitimate or illegitimate in the kinds of significant cases studied below is too much to hope for, at this point in the development of the subject. Still, some interesting findings are revealed through the case studies below that cast light on how persuasive definitions work rhetorically and how they ought to be evaluated from a logical point of view. The implication drawn from these findings is that a new approach to the study of the use of definitions in argumentation is needed. The new dialectical approach needed to cope with the phenomena illustrated below steers a middle way between the old, but still widely accepted viewpoint of essentialism, and the new, or at least newly more influential viewpoint of postmodernism. According to the new dialectical view, a definition should always be evaluated in light of the purpose it was supposedly put forward to fulfill in a context of conversation. It will also be shown why definitions should often be presumed to be argumentative in nature, even though in some cases the purpose of putting forward a definition is that of explanation rather than argumentation. The hypothesis suggested by the cases below is that a persuasive definition should be treated as a particular kind of argument.