Vindication for Maligned Lawyer in Justices’ Decision
Mr. Verrilli stumbled early in the crucial second day of arguments, getting a frog in his throat that repeated sips of water could not clear. He managed to answer the justices’ questions, at one point asking to return to the tax argument that ultimately proved the ground for upholding the mandate. Mr. Verrilli believed that his argument that the penalty for not obtaining health insurance was a tax and not a forced purchase, even though it was a secondary point in his defense, could be the lure to bring along Justice Anthony M. Kennedy and perhaps Chief Justice Roberts as the narrowest way that the conservative justices could uphold the law.
A Vindication of the Rights of Men
1792 was the "annus mirabilis of eighteenth-century radicalism": its most important texts were published and the influence of radical associations, such as the London Corresponding Society (LCS) and the Society for Constitutional Information (SCI), was at its height. However, it was not until these middle- and working-class groups formed an alliance with the genteel Society of the Friends of the People that the government became concerned. After this alliance was formed, the conservative-dominated government prohibited seditious writings. Over 100 prosecutions for sedition took place in the 1790s alone, a dramatic increase from previous decades. The British government, fearing an uprising similar to the French Revolution, took even more drastic steps to quash the radicals: they made ever more political arrests and infiltrated radical groups; they threatened to "revoke the licences of publicans who continued to host politicised debating societies and to carry reformist literature"; they seized the mail of "suspected dissidents"; they supported groups that disrupted radical events; and they attacked dissidents in the press. Radicals saw this period, which included the 1794 Treason Trials, as "the institution of a system of TERROR, almost as hideous in its features, almost as gigantic in its stature, and infinitely more pernicious in its tendency, than France ever knew."
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PERSONAL HEALTH; Vindication for the Maligned Fiber Diet
The study, published this month in The New England Journal of Medicine, involved 13 patients with Type 2 diabetes, which typically starts in midlife and accounts for 90 percent of diabetes cases in this country. Each patient diligently followed one of two diets, each for six weeks, eating foods supplied by the Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas and keeping careful dietary records. Both diets would on their face be considered healthful, meeting the guidelines established for Americans. But with one not-so-drastic change, the experimental diet was clearly superior.
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A Vindication of the Rights of Woman Character List
An Irish politician, author, orator, political theorist and philosopher. He served in the House of Commons as a member of the Whig Party for many years, supported the American Revolution, and opposed the French Revolution. His conservative (classical liberal) Reflections on the Revolution in France, concerned about the tyranny of new democracies that try to remake longstanding social traditions, garnered a response from Thomas Paine (The Rights of Man) and Wollstonecraft's Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
1620s, "to avenge or revenge," from Latin vindicatus, past participle of vindicare (see vindication). Meaning "to clear from censure or doubt, by means of demonstration" is recorded from 1630s. Related: Vindicated, vindicating.
Legally, Russia is behaving predictably and refusing to pay the award. Osborne has pursued the recognition of his majority shareholder’s claim under the 1994 Energy Charter Treaty and enforcement under the 1958 Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards or New York Convention. As recognition comes before enforcement, the case hinges on the more recent Energy Charter Treaty, which Russia claims is invalid. Regardless, the Energy Charter Treaty provides a binding dispute resolution mechanism and thus allowed GML to sue Russia, a strategic point that Osborne finds “vital to our success.” Osborne expands: “the Treaty specifically says that you cannot take somebody’s assets without paying fair compensation.” When Russia seized Yukos, it did so using “the tax laws in a discriminatory fashion” and failed to pay compensation. To that point, Osborne emphasized that no one was taxed like Yukos, and this was a far cry from Russia exercising its “sovereign right to collect taxes.” No, Osborne confirms and the Hague Tribunal agreed, this was expropriation: “no right minded government would have done all these things if it wanted to collect taxes. It was clearly trying to put this company out of business, take over its assets, and get rid of the people.” Osborne is confident and methodical: “we won the argument before the Tribunal and we will win it in every country because is pretty clear – the Energy Charter Treaty says if you sign it you are bound on a provisional basis unless either your constitution doesn’t allow you to be bound on a provisional basis or you opted out.” Russia never opted out the Energy Charter Treaty and is left asserting “some very convoluted arguments which nobody yet has bought into except the Russian Federation. They say you look at [prior laws and commitments] clause by clause and day by day.”
"to slander," mid-15c., from earlier more literal sense of "to plot, to contrive" (early 15c.), from Old French malignier "to plot, deceive, pervert," from Late Latin malignare "to do maliciously," from malignus (see malign (adj.)). Related: Maligned; maligning.
late 15c., "act of avenging, revenge," from Latin vindicationem (nominative vindicatio) "act of claiming or avenging," from vindicare "to set free, lay claim to, assert, avenge" (related to vindicta "revenge"), probably from vim dicare "to show authority," from vim, accusative of vis "force" + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Meaning "justification by proof, defense against censure" is attested from 1640s.
This phrase is used several times in the Vindication. In chapter three, Wollstonecraft writes, "It is time to effect a revolution in female manners -time to restore to them their lost dignity - and make them, as a part of the human species, labour by reforming themselves to reform the world. It is time to separate unchangeable morals from local manners" (45). In chapter thirteen she uses the phrase again, writing, "That women at present are by ignorance rendered foolish or vicious, is, I think, not to be disputed; and, that the most salutary effects tending to improve mankind, might be expected from a REVOLUTION in female manners, appears at least, with a face of probability, to rise out of the observation" (192). She desires that women throw off the bonds men place upon them in terms of rendering them only beautiful, foolish, and useless; she wants them to attain a rational education, develop their reason, perfect their virtue, and embody true modesty that arises from purity of mind and rationality. They should not be a second-class species or mere playthings of men. They should endeavor to attain education, financial independence, some political participation, and autonomy. In contrast, the gendered social system of her day is dangerous and ultimately unfulfilling for women, men, and society as a whole.
42 U.S. Code § 1988. Proceedings in vindication of civil rights
The jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters conferred on the district courts by the provisions of titles 13, 24, and 70 of the Revised Statutes for the protection of all persons in the United States in their civil rights, and for their vindication, shall be exercised and enforced in conformity with the laws of the United States, so far as such laws are suitable to carry the same into effect; but in all cases where they are not adapted to the object, or are deficient in the provisions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and punish offenses against law, the common law, as modified and changed by the constitution and statutes of the State wherein the court having jurisdiction of such civil or criminal cause is held, so far as the same is not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States, shall be extended to and govern the said courts in the trial and disposition of the cause, and, if it is of a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment on the party found guilty.