VA’s Office of Tribal Government Relations (OTGR) has a special responsibility to oversee tribal consultation and support VA’s commitment to honor government-to-government relationships with tribes. OTGR works to engage tribes and strengthen VA’s ability to work with tribal governments by building trust, sharing information, and continuing to expand services to American Indian and Alaska Native Veterans. This report describes how VA engaged with Indian Country in 2015. Download the report in PDF format.
Currently, 573 sovereign tribal nations (variously called tribes, nations, bands, pueblos, communities, and Native villages) have a formal nation-to-nation relationship with the US government. These tribal governments are legally defined as “federally recognized tribes.” Two-hundred-and-twenty-nine of these tribal nations are located in Alaska; the remaining tribes are located in 35 other states. In total, tribal governments exercise jurisdiction over lands that would make Indian Country the fourth largest state in the nation.
Tribal Government funds are used to provide staff at the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) agency office, or hire staff under a tribal Indian self-determination contract to perform tribal government services at the tribal/agency level. Support provided includes research and preparation of Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) forms, review of tribal resolutions, liquor ordinances, proposed governing documents requiring action by the BIA line officials, preparation of membership rolls for special (Secretarial) elections or for per capita distributions, and administration of special elections per 25 C.F.R. 81. The staff also meets with tribal enrollment offices or committees on enrollment/disenrollment matters and appeals. In some cases, the Aid to Tribal Government (ATG) funds directly support the activities of the tribal contractor/tribal officials in carrying out contracted activities on behalf of the Bureau and the tribe.
Kathy Regan-Pyne brings a wide-ranging professional background to her position, with experience in human resources management, budgeting and financial management, and marketing. She worked for several years in the insurance industry, holding management positions at both Lincoln Financial Group and CIGNA Property & Casualty. She has also worked as the Career Development Manager for the Mohegan Tribe. Regan-Pyne is a member of the Mohegan Gaming & Entertainment Audit Committee, and is also currently on the board of the Connecticut Sun Foundation and Eastern Connecticut State University Foundation. She also holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Education from Eastern Connecticut State University. An avid sports fan and former professional basketball player, Regan-Pyne is a member of the Connecticut Women’s Basketball Hall of Fame and the New Britain Athletic Hall of Fame and is a charter member of the Eastern Connecticut State University Athletic Hall of Fame. Regan-Pyne lives in Marlborough, Connecticut with her husband Roy.
Today’s current council consists of 22 representatives from the villages of Upper Moenkopi, Bacavi, Kykotsmovi, Sipaulovi, First Mesa Consolidated Villages (Walpi, Sitchumovi and Tewa), and Mishongnovi. Currently, the villages of Shungopavi, Oraibi, Hotevilla, and Lower Moenkopi do not have a representative on council. Representatives to the council are selected either by a community election or by an appointment from the village kikmongwi, or leader. Each representative serves a two-year term.
STATE OF IDAHO JUDICIAL BRANCHTribal State Court Forum
The government of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes has existed since time immemorial. Traditional tribal government was based upon small bands of closely related families. The acquisition of the horse affected their traditional form of government with some groups retaining pre-horse culture and others that adopted horses and established larger local groups and stronger, more specialized leadership. Leaders in horse bands were elected by councils comprised of male family heads and prominent warriors. Today the Tribe is organized under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 and has a Constitution approved on April 30, 1936, and a charter ratified on April 17, 1937. The Constitution establishes the Fort Hall Business Council as the governing body of the Tribe.
The jurisdiction of the Zuni Tribe, Zuni Indian Reservation exercised through the Zuni Tribal Council, theExecutive Department and the Judicial Department, acting in accordance with this constitution and theordinances adopted in accordance herewith, shall extend to all tribal lands included within the presentboundaries of the Zuni Indian Reservation and to such other lands as may hereafter be added thereto,unless otherwise provided by law. This jurisdiction shall apply to and be for the benefit and protection ofall Indians who now, or may in the future, reside on the Zuni Reservation. The name of this organizationshall be the Zuni Tribe.
Kleptocracy, literally meaning "the rule by thieves," is a form of political corruption in which the ruling government seeks personal gain and status at the expense of the governed. Through graft and embezzlement of state funds, corrupt leaders amass tremendous wealth at the expense of the broader populace. Some of the most egregious examples have occurred in countries with very high rates of poverty. The inherent challenge for corrupt leaders is covertly expatriating and holding money in secure locations where it can be accessed in the future. Generally, that requires international movement of funds. When transfers occur in U.S. dollars or transit the U.S. banking system, federal money laundering jurisdiction is established. The FBI initiates money laundering investigations to trace the international movement of assets and, in conjunction with foreign partners, forfeit and repatriate assets back to legitimate authorities in victim countries.
During the Saleh era, the oil and gas industry was supposedly “the main source of export revenue and government finance.” Saleh personally approved “all major deals and production-sharing agreements” with foreign oil firms. The government-owned Yemen Oil and Gas Corporation “dominated the import and distribution of petroleum products, and delegated monopoly privileges to a major operator, Tawfiq Abdulraheem ,” who was close to Saleh . Corruption in this sector principally involved the awarding of service contracts and import/export deals. In addition, “Saleh allocated state-subsidized fuel products on a quota basis to his relatives and political allies, who were free to charge a substantial mark-up to wholesale domestic buyers, or trade their allocated quota overseas at international market prices.” Saleh also allowed certain businessmen “to claim subsidies on non-existent fuel imports, on the basis of falsified import documents.” This practice cost the national treasury dearly, although YECO profited greatly from it. “Oil-related corruption was also endemic in the military, with officers benefiting directly from fuel allocated to their units and using military transport infrastructure to move it both within Yemen and to foreign markets.”
Political Corruption Law and Legal Definition
Political corruption means the abuse of political power by the government leaders to extract and accumulate for private enrichment, and to use politically corrupt means to maintain their hold on power. However, abuse of political power for other purposes, such as repression of political opponents and general police brutality, is not considered political corruption. Political corruption takes place at the highest levels of the political system, and hence it can be differentiated from administrative or bureaucratic corruption. It can also be distinguished from business and private sector corruption.
Public corruption is a broad category of white-collar crime defined by a breach of public trust or an abuse of power enacted by public officials. Corruption can take place when the corrupt individual receives a bribe or solicits one. Although all states have laws pertaining to public corruption, federal corruption charges are made more likely when the alleged perpetrator is a member of the federal government or when a conspiracy exists to engage in public corruption that crosses state lines. Federal government corruption charges are considered to be among the most serious prosecuted by federal law enforcement officials.
When a person has been charged or believes they are under investigation for allegations of public corruption in Maryland, they will require the services of a dedicated federal criminal defense attorney. An experienced Maryland federal public corruption attorney will be able to quickly review the facts of the case and provide any necessary guidance for addressing these allegations. If involved early enough, an attorney may be able to clear up potentially damaging charges before they are formally filed. That is why it is so important that a person speaks with appropriate legal counsel as soon as possible.