Author and Woodrow A. Potesta professor of law, Charles R. DiSalvo, recently read excerpts of his new book The Man Before The Mahatma: M.K. Gandhi, Attorney at Law in Morgantown. First published by Random House India, and most recently by University of California Press, DiSalvo says producing this work that explores Gandhi’s early life in South Africa has been a goal since he discovered that Gandhi was in fact a lawyer for 25 years before becoming a pacifist reformer in India.
The loss that changed Varun Gandhi’s life and politics
Gandhi has refused to share a stage with Modi except for one occasion in West Bengal. As Shah sought to sideline him, Gandhi tried to reach out to young people by going on lecture tours across the country in virtually all colleges. He also writes a syndicated column, which appears across newspapers in the country. Gandhi keeps taking pot shots at the policies being followed by the Modi government. But since the Modi government is famously anti-intellectual, he has so far escaped censure, perhaps with no one in the BJP reading his columns.
Gandhi first worked with European lawyers as an understudy. Later, when he decided to set up practice in South Africa, he looked for someone to associate with because he had “no skills to speak of”. It made sense for him to look for a veteran attorney to work with. Eventually, he came into contact with a lawyer named Percy Coakes, who had been practising law for seven or eight years when Gandhi met him. They negotiated an agreement for Gandhi to come on board with Coakes and Gandhi drove a really hard bargain. “Coakes offered him very modest terms and Gandhi said no, I’ve got to have more. And when Coakes wouldn’t budge, Gandhi let it be known that he was going to move on. And when Coakes heard that, he caved in and gave Gandhi the terms that he was looking for.” Not long after Gandhi started practice with Coakes however, the latter got into ethical trouble and was suspended from the Bar. Without an associate, Gandhi came into contact with a lawyer named Oswald Asew, another European lawyer who had been friendly to the Indian cause. Gandhi does not stay with him for too long and he eventually started his own law office in Durban along with associates like H.S.L. Pollock and F. Khan, the second Indian lawyer in South Africa. By this time, Gandhi’s practice had grown. There is a tremendous amount of office work for his Indian merchant clients and quite a bit of court work. This continues to be the setting he works in Johannesburg and up to the very end of his practice in South Africa, when he turned his office over to a person named Louis Rich, who had worked in Gandhi’s office previously, and had been a key player in the Indian cause. Gandhi recommended him to all of his clients.
After the war, Britain indicated that they would give India independence. However, with the support of the Muslims led by Jinnah, the British planned to partition India into two: India and Pakistan. Ideologically Gandhi was opposed to partition. He worked vigorously to show that Muslims and Hindus could live together peacefully. At his prayer meetings, Muslim prayers were read out alongside Hindu and Christian prayers. However, Gandhi agreed to the partition and spent the day of Independence in prayer mourning the partition. Even Gandhi’s fasts and appeals were insufficient to prevent the wave of sectarian violence and killing that followed the partition.
Mahatma Gandhi - Life, Work and Philosophy
Quotes and Teachings of GandhijiAlthough Gandhiji is no more with us, his teachings are with us and there are many people even today who believe and try to follow one or all the teachings of Gandhiji. Some people do have some misconceptions regarding Gandhiji and they feel that he gave preference to Muslims and favoured the community. However, the fact is, he struggled to make them live in unity and dreamt of independent India where all were treated equally no matter whether he belonged to any religion, cast, creed, race or section of society. He wanted India to be a true sovereign nation.On January 30, 1948, Gandhiji was shot dead by an assailant and his last words were, "Hey Ram". He was going to attend his morning prayers when he was shot. After his death, his followers try to lead a life based on truth and non-violence, which were the two basic principles of Gandhiji's life.Today, it has become very important that people re-think and consider Gandhiji's teachings. There is lot of violence seen in the world and the principles of Gandhiji are needed throughout the world. It is a difficult path to walk, but gives peace and contentment to all. Gandhiji had said, "whenever you are confronted with an opponent, conquer him with love". He wanted people to enjoy true happiness of life and so he insisted to help them learn forgiveness. He said, "The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong".
Essay on The Non-Violence in the Life of M K Gandhi
“The Religion of Non-Violence” which is the central teaching of Jainism. They strongly emphasize the importance that this principle extends to all forms of life because they are taught that there is life in all and as long as they have life, they shall not be harmed (McAvity). Ahimsa, however, is simply not just avoiding violence, it is a whole way in life (BBC). Mahtama Gandhi is believed to be the founder of Jainism, therefore his life and teachings are an essential guide for the life of Jains (McAvity)…
Why Gandhi Turned Against Lawyers
There are, however, some who believe that Gandhi wrote Hind Swaraj in a relatively early stage of his political career and might have forsaken some of the more radical ideas that he had espoused there. Indeed Jawaharlal Nehru writing to Gandhi in 1946 said that he had found Hind Swaraj “completely unreal” when he had first read it and felt that in his later writings and speeches Gandhi had advanced beyond that position. But even in 1946 Gandhi stood by the system of government that he had envisaged in Hind Swaraj though he had nothing to say about lawyers in his correspondence with Nehru. However, in 1938 when addressing the Bar Association in Peshawar, Gandhi reiterated, “A true lawyer was one who placed truth and service in the first place and the emoluments of the profession in the next place only.”